For many years, steam has been chosen as an energy carrier for industrial manufacturing processes, institutions and power generation stations for its multiple benefits. Here's why:
Water is a readily available resource; it is inexpensive and can be reused with no waste when well managed. When water is heated in a boiler to create steam, it absorbs energy. Steam can hold five or six times as much potential energy as an equivalent mass of water. This energy can be easily be transported and used in manufacturing process where direct or indirect heating is needed, as well as for its ability to provide force through expansion in power generation.
Water is converted into to steam for its energy-carrying power. It is non-hazardous and environmentally friendly when properly managed.
The energy in steam can be managed by controlling generation pressures and temperatures.
With the right steam equipment, you can easily manage and control the amount of energy you need for your processes.
Steam provides excellent heat transfer characteristics. It can surround or be injected into the product being heated. It can supply and fill any space at a constant temperature.
The heat transfer properties of steam are so high compared to other industrial fluids and gases that the required heat transfer area needed is relatively small. This means less space is needed in your process plant which makes it is easier to install with a smaller footprint.
Steam is also sterile, making it ideal for use in the food and pharmaceutical manufacturing process industries as well where sterilization is required in hospitals and other industries.